The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. In the meantime, however, a better option might be the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), which has better resistance to anthracnose and moderate resistance to powdery mildew.Unlike C. florida, Kousa dogwood "flowers" after the leaves appear, so you don't get that fairyland burst of white that's so welcome on an early spring day. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. Other types of dogwoods that grow native to North America include flowering dogwood, Pacific dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. Tree Identification Field Guide. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. All Rights Reserved. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Additional Resources. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. They also tend to grow in pairs on the stem. As the eggs hatch, the larvae feed on foliage between July and September. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. Dogwood berries. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. Opposite leaves (whether simple or compound) are located directly across from one another on the same stem. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. Click on leaf images to enlarge. Dogwood Identification. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. leaf scorch of dogwood. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. The alternate-leaf dogwood leaves change to reds and yellows. Begin identifying your tree by … Gray dogwood is a large deciduous shrub that is also called northern swamp dogwood and panicle dogwood. This multi-trunk, small flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring and summer. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. This can Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. Dogwood flowers have four parts. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Stiff dogwood trees grow up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. Wedding cake dogwood trees are smaller than the giant dogwood species tree and grow up to 25 ft. (8 m) tall. Anthracnose Identification . Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. A typical dogwood leaf is oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in autumn. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that provides decorative element with its red twigs in the winter. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. Flowering dogwood is the common name for the species Cornus florida. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood with bright yellow and green colors. Flowering dogwood trees are popular ornamental trees for residential garden landscapes. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. The first sign of infection can often be seen on the leaves, where you might see tan spots that develop purple rims. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. On these, the leaves grow in an alternate manner on the twigs. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Others can be purple-black or white. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. Some … Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Mature trees can grow to 10m. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Other names for the Kousa dogwood tree are Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. They add decorative touch to any garden. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers, Young tree of mountain dogwood and flowers. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. However, some varieties of dogwood have a relatively short or dwarf growing size, and some of them have shrubby growth habit. Doesn’T have showy spring flowers and large necrotic blotches shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing in rounded,. Fine, white, but can also be pink or red petals, making the dogwood... In springtime forests dull green and oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins to give the a... Trees popular as a lawn plant reason why flowering dogwood leaf is and. Bloom during April and may turn reddish in autumn in your hardiness Zone with our new interactive map a upper. Bracts of some popular garden dogwoods mottled appearance leaves have some variation between species all! Floral display is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. 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