Every sample gets tested for marijuana, cocaine, and amphetamines, including ecstasy. Initial data on these drugs indicate a high positive rate, which reflects hydrocodone being the second highest DoD-prescribed medication in FY11. There are five types of drug tests in the Military. Those samples that rescreen positive are tested a third time via gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In FY11, the Army's COC positive rate was 0.14% with rates of 0.13% for the AD, 0.19% for the NG, and 0.15% for the RES. The results MAY be used as a reason for involuntary discharge, but MAY NOT be used to determine service characterization. The Army Substance Abuse Program is an anti-substance abuse program in the United States Army, operated by the Army Center for Substance Abuse Programs.. In this study, we determined the annual positive rate by drug for all Army urinalysis specimens tested from FY01 through FY11. Essentially for a drug positive result to be released to its originating unit, the sample must have tested positive in a minimum of three different laboratory assays. The signs of drug … In FY01, the NG had similarly high rejection rates but through expanded training and improved quality control the issue was resolved. Urine screens are the most common method of drug testing. Members do not have the right to refuse a random test. This is done by means of "random testing." The component rates were 0.84%, 1.53%, and 1.94% for the active duty, Reserve, and National Guard, respectively. The AD ecstasy (i.e., MDMA) positive rate has decreased seven-fold from its high in FY06 to the FY11 rate of 0.01% (data not shown). The total number of Army specimens tested has increased approximately 54% from FY01 to FY11. Urgent Care Hawaii - Pearl City. Dr Marisol S. Castaneto, Commander, Forensic Toxicology Drug Testing Laboratory, 1 Jarrett White Road (MCHK‐FT) Tripler Army Medical Center, HI 96859–5000, USA. The military tests you when you want to join and continues testing after you have signed up. Considerable fluctuations were observed in the positive rates in the amphetamine drug class. The data were further refined to represent the three Army components: the active duty (AD), Reserve (RES), and National Guard (NG). Email: marisol.s.castaneto.mil@mail.mil. There has been a significant progressive decrease in the Army's COC positive rate from FY06 to FY11 (Fig. The AD rate of OXCOD positives has also steadily increased from 0.67% in FY06 to the present high of 0.91% (Fig. The AD positive rate increased nearly five-fold, whereas the NG and RES exhibited an over three-fold increase. The FY11 drug positive rates in descending order were OXMOR > OXCOD > THC > d-AMP > COD > COC > MOR > d-METH > MDMA > 6-AM > MDA > PCP (Table II). 2) to a record low of 0.34% in FY11. Probable Cause. In order for a soldier's prescription to be authorized per Army Medical Command Regulation 40-51, it must have been filled within 6 months from the date the urinalysis specimen was collected.7. Conceivably, AD soldiers may be ingesting other drugs of abuse that generate a similar high to THC that the FTDTLs are not testing. Not only are illegal drugs tested, but so are prescription drugs. In FY11, there were a total of 232 heroin positives in the Army with 174 from the AD, 36 from the NG, and 22 from the RES. This program was established to primarily deter and secondarily detect drug abuse in service members (SM).1,–3 Deterring the use of illegal drugs is essential to maintain a safe, effective, and ready U.S. Armed Forces. Oxycodone drug class testing began in FY06, reflecting the general rise of pain medication abuse. From FY06 to FY11, the average positive rate for oxycodone was 0.74% and the d-amphetamine rate was 0.30%. Unlike the AD, the NG and RES have consistently had low MDMA positive rates at or below 0.01%. Historically, THC has been the drug with the highest positive rate in the Army and it is the most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States.8,9 This Army trend was not observed from FY06 onward when the pain medications OXCOD and OXMOR were tested at the FTDTLs (Table II). Medical Testing Methods: We analyzed annual Army Forensic Toxicology Drug Testing Laboratory results from FY01 to FY11. This is consistent with a 2006 study that showed an MDMA positive rate below 0.01% in DoD specimens collected at military entrance processing stations.12 In sum, since these rates are so low the DoD should consider ending the requirement that all specimens be screened for MDMA or to discontinue its testing at the FTDTLs. That month, federal legislation was enacted that classified nearly all synthetic cannabinoids as Schedule 1 drugs and hence illegal in nature. The chain-of-custody requirement continues in the lab as well. These synthetic forms of marijuana were readily purchased online as well as at gas stations, and the FTDTLs did not test for their presence. As with Random Testing, results can be used in court-martials, article 15s, and involuntary discharges, to include service characterization. In the oxycodone class, drugs confirmed include oxycodone (OXCOD) and its active metabolite oxymorphone (OXMOR), which can also be prescribed to SM. Occasionally, specimens are screened for the entire drug panel at the request of the submitting unit. Results are reported as a percentage to the hundredths. Deputy Commander/Chief of Staff. Further, DoD pharmaceutical spending more than doubled from FY02 to FY07.11 The majority of the urinalysis drug positive results for OXMOR, OXCOD, COD, MOR, and d-AMP were caused by legitimate prescriptions and not misuse based upon Army-mandated MRO reviews (data not shown). This includes the correct analysis of both open and blind quality control specimens for each drug being assayed. Hence, heroin abusers can test positive for both 6-AM and MOR. One is … Peak THC abuse rates for the AD occurred in FY02 and surged high again in FY09 before dramatically decreasing. The Department of Defense labs tests 60,000 urine random samples each month. In this case, the samples are sent to the Olympic testing laboratory at the University of California at Los Angeles. Not I used the term "wrongful." The program seeks to achieve a fighting force where the testing positive rates are 10% less than the rates in the previous year, and 30-day use rates are 25% less than the previous three years for high-risk groups (18 to 25-year-old enlisted males). Executive Summary. Medical testing This is a medical test that a member undertakes in regards to complying with the stipulated medical requirements and may include a urine analysis for illegal and controlled drugs. A urine drug screen, or urine drug test, can detect the presence of drugs in a person’s system. Medical Testing. Testing for the benzodiazepine drug class started in November 2012 with the conformational analysis of five different drugs or drug metabolites. Results of random testing can be used in  (Under Article 1128a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), article 15s (nonjudicial punishment), and this includes using the results to determine service characterization (honorable, general, or other-than-honorable). But not all samples are tested for all of these drugs. You can go to your local Army Careers Centre and talk it through with a Recruiter if you're worried. This increased workload is not surprising since the number of Army personnel expanded to support the Global War on Terrorism starting in FY02. This video I break down the common sense of military drug test to if it's a concern do not get tested. In conclusion, the FTDTL urinalysis drug testing program continues to be successful in reducing drug abuse in the Army. Search for other works by this author on: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Program, Drug positive rates for the Army from fiscal years 1991 to 2000 and for the National Guard from fiscal years 1997 to 2000, Military drug positive rates in the European theatre drug rates in Europe, Medical Review Officers and Review of Positive Urinalysis Drug Testing Results, Summary of Findings from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Abuse, NSDUH series H-41, HHS publication no. Spectrometry test recent decrease coincides with the FY01 rates test it must be tested, at any time is that... As with random testing, results can be made Army currently operates two of the submitting unit OXCOD OXMOR... Are also mandatory for recruits, and phencyclidine MOR, d-METH to d-AMP, to. Cod to MOR, d-METH to d-AMP, MDMA to MDA, and FY07 for lysergic acid diethylamide ( ). The past the FY01 rates Defense ( DoD ) has conducted over 30 years urinalysis. 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