[accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf,  VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. some Member States, face a genuine shortage of applicants with the right skills. students who enrol for the first time in higher education immediately after finishing high school (mainly 18-19 year olds), in the Nursing Bachelor programme increased. Immigration Rules Appendix Shortage Occupation List. 8 case studies on selected topics addressing recruitment and retention of health professionals, ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector, jovandeurzen.be/sites/jvandeurzen/files/actieplan%20werk%20maken%20van%20werk%203%200_0.pdf, E-skills in Europe. Medical doctors and health professionals . [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf,  VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. These include Social services, Public health, Education, Estate Agencies, Overseas businesses and institutions, and Finance. Hotel receptionist and waiters are bottlenecks mainly due to unfavourable working conditions (low wages, work at night-time and weekends) and high expectations of employers (e.g. The “Care Ambassador” initiative is continued in Action plan 3.0 ‘Make work of work in the health and social care sector’ . Changes are being made to education and training, efforts are being made to use existing reserves of labour and skills better and employees are being upskilled. For healthcare occupations an ageing society is increasing demand for social care and medical services. Skill Shortage List, please refer to the information on the following pages before you apply for your IQA to determine if you require the Skill Shortage Assessment Add-On.  There are a number of broader initiatives related to promoting STEM including ICT. Shortage Occupations. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf,  ISCO 225 Veterinarians, ISCO 324 Veterinary technicians and assistants,  Universiteit Gent (2016), Diergeneeskunde studeren? All three of the shortage lists use the Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) system . [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf,  VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Le secteur de la sante et de l’action sociale en Wallonie [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/986/164/20140116_Sante%26ActionSociale_Rapport2012-2013.pdf,  Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. However, the share of EU firms faced with genuine skill shortages is smaller than one would believe solely on the basis of employer surveys. Country’s stakeholders have also been included in validating the final list of occupations. Country Report: Belgium, eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel, www.engineeringnet.be/belgie/detail_belgie.asp?Id=15388&titel=Steeds%20meer%20buitenlandse%20technici%20op%20tijdelijke%20basis%20ingehuurd%20-%20artikel&category=hr_art, Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. Their expert assessment and knowledge of the country’s labour market has provided rich insights about the reasons behind the skills shortages or surpluses at occupational level. In short, Belgium does not explicitly use labour migration to address labour shortages, but does so indirectly through flexible procedures for highly skilled workers (and other categories such as Too few young people are studying STEM subjects.  Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014. This list is part of Government immigration instructions … In 2015, vacancies for geriatrician, neurologist, emergency doctor, paediatrician and child psychiatrist were hard to fill in the Flemish region. Country Report: Belgium. Based on the Regional Skill Shortage List effective from 27 May 2019. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf,  VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Also see Note 1 at the … Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? ICT business analysts). New Zealand has three essential skills in demand (ESID) lists across regional, long-term, and construction and infrastructure categories. Unattractive and stressful working environments and falling wages can discourage people from entering certain occupations. about Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? 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